Even if you don’t know what they are, odds are you’ve seen a whitetail deer sometime in your life. They are the most common and widespread deer species on the planet. Their population in North America alone is between 20 and 25 million.
When spooked or threatened, they will raise their tail and run, displaying their white as an alarm.
Like the other species of deer, the whitetail is a herbivore, meaning that they only consume plants. Their diet will change depending on the food that’s available to them in their environment, but typically consists of grass, plants, acorns, fruit, and corn.
The stomach of whitetail is somewhat like a cow in the sense that it has multiple chambers for digestion. By way of instance, when a whitetail consumes and swallows some acorns, they will go to first room where enzymes will start to break down the food before going to another where they’ll be broken down even more until reaching the fourth room where the actual digestion occurs.
If a whitetail remains healthy, they can live 11 to 13 years typically. They do have many predators that actively hunt them out, though.
When a female (doe) is pregnant, she will give birth to 1 to 3 baby deer (fawns). Fawns have the ability to walk at birth and usually have brown with white spotted fur that lets them blend into their surroundings better.
Male deer (called dollars ) grow antlers in the base of the skull every year. Bucks use these antlers to show their strength when they battle other bucks during the mating season. Following the breeding season is over, the dollars testosterone level will drop much, causing them to shed their antlers. When spring comes back around, they will start to grow new antlers which are typically larger and more complex than the ones that were already shed.
Something not many people know is that deer cause more human deaths than any other creature. This is mainly because of automobile accidents involving them. While it may seem inhumane to a, hunting is a excellent way to help regulate their population and reduce the deaths and crop damage due to them.
Whitetail deer are simply beautiful creatures and it is important for us to constantly understand and respect them. Nearly a century ago, they were on the brink of extinction, but with conservation efforts their population has skyrocketed. Let’s take care of our planet and all of the creatures in it.